Introduction of common wood species for solid wooden furniture
1. Pine (Pine masson, Pinus sylvestris)
Due to the increasing emphasis on
environmental protection, solid wooden furniture has gradually increased, of which pine furniture
accounts for a large part, especially since many children's furniture is made of pine. There are two
main materials for pine wood furniture, one is Masson pine and the other is sylvestris pine, mainly
sycamore pine, which is an important raw material for man-made fiberboard decoration. Masson pine
grain is straight or obliquely uneven, and the structure is medium to thick. The disadvantage is
that the warping crack is more serious when dry. Not resistant to decay. Poor paint and adhesive
properties. The nail-holding force is strong, and relatively speaking, it is less used in furniture
as a woodworking board. The price of a woodworking board is generally about 3 times that of a fir
integrated board or large core board of the same size. Pinus sylvestris is widely used as a material
for medium and low-grade solid wood furniture, and many log furniture is made of pine. Pine is
stronger in material, clear in texture, and better in wood. Compared with fir, the wood grain of
pine is more beautiful, and the wood scarring is less.
2. Fraxinus mandshurica
The largest proportion of the decorative panels
is the ash
panel. The reason why this panel is used is inseparable from its characteristics. It belongs to the
wood of the genus Ash of the Oleaceae family. For Northeast China, North China, Russia and other
places, the biggest advantage of ash is its texture. The texture of the ash is beautiful and clear.
For example, as a veneer or furniture, brushing varnish or whitening can maximize its beauty. The
pattern is suitable for the modern and simple style, and the ash panel is also a lower-priced
veneer. The disadvantage is that if it is used as solid wood furniture, the deformation is large, so
if the ash is made of solid wood, it is mostly spliced with small wooden blocks. Most of the ash
wood furniture seen in the furniture store is the main frame of ash wood, and the large area is
covered with ash wood veneer, which is because of the large deformation and shrinkage of ash.
3. Oak (white oak, red oak)
Oak is also a kind of decorative wood that
everyone loves. In fact, red oak is not really red, but the wood yellow is pinkish. White oak is not
white, but light yellow, which causes the color of red oak and white oak. The difference is not very
big. The characteristics of oak are heavy and hard, straight in texture, thick in structure, elegant
in color and beautiful in texture, quite high in mechanical strength, and wear-resistant, but wood
is not easy to dry, sawing and cutting, and at the same time, if a large area is used, the degree of
deformation is large. , The oak pattern also has the difference between straight grain and
horizontal grain. The straight grain is more beautiful and the price is slightly more expensive. One
thing to pay attention to when using oak, many use Southeast Asian rubber wood to pretend to be oak
and pay attention when buying wooden furniture. For rubber wood, the identification method is that
rubber wood has a peculiar smell, and is easy to be eaten by insects and corrodes.
4. Camphor wood
Its biggest feature is that it is in rich aroma, which
can repel insects, prevent moths, mildew, and sterilize. Camphor balls are made from the spices in
camphor wood. The tree diameter is large, the timber width is wide, and the pattern is beautiful.
Camphor wood is dense and has a beautiful natural texture, tough texture, not easy to break, and not
easy to crack. Camphor wood is mainly used for backboards and drawer boards of wooden furniture,
especially trunks, bookcases, cabinets, etc. However, camphor wood is rarely used as a bed, because
the fragrance of camphor wood will affect the quality of sleep, make people excited and even
insomnia, and may also cause symptoms such as dizziness, weakness, nausea, and vomiting.
OElmwood has a wide width and excellent texture, small deformation
rate, tough wood, clear texture, moderate hardness and strength, suitable for carving, smooth planed
surface, beautiful chord surface pattern, and "wenge" pattern, which can be used for furniture, For
decoration, etc. The wood furniture made of elm has a rough texture and a rustic style. And elm is
Walnut is one of the most popular precious woods in the world,
especially in European countries, walnut, mahogany and oak are also known as the three precious
woods. High-end European wooden furniture mostly uses these kinds of wood. The hardness of walnut
wood is medium to slightly hard and heavy, the fiber structure is fine and uniform, and it has
strong toughness. In China, walnut wood furniture is almost unique to Shanxi. Although other areas
are also found, they are not as concentrated and excellent as those in Shanxi. The walnuts seen in
southern China are generally imported, and the price of walnuts produced in different places varies
7. Black Walnut.
Black walnut is very expensive, and furniture is usually
only made of veneer and rarely made of solid wood. The dark tree species has good elasticity and is
very suitable for the surface of tables and chairs. The traditional veneer can be used for piano
surfaces and the interior decoration surface of medium and high-end cars, the very precious
California black walnut wood bark is used for higher-end wood veneers. The interior decoration of
Mercedes-Benz, BMW and other cars or the decoration of high-end clubs.
Black walnut has excellent paint and dye properties and can be polished to an exceptional finish.
Black walnut wood furniture has good dimensional stability and is rated as a wood with the highest
resistance to corrosion in heartwood, making it the most durable wood even in corrosive
environments. The density of black walnut is 0.66-0.68, and mahogany is 0.72, so black walnut is
durable, not easy to crack, and can stand the baptism of years.